We describe a reference panel of 64,976 human haplotypes at 39,235,157 SNPs constructed using whole-genome sequence data from 20 studies of predominantly European ancestry. Using this resource leads to accurate genotype imputation at minor allele frequencies as low as 0.1% and a large increase in the number of SNPs tested in association studies, and it can help to discover and refine causal loci. We describe remote server resources that allow researchers to carry out imputation and phasing consistently and efficiently.

U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27548312?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Meta-analyses identify 13 loci associated with age at menopause and highlight DNA repair and immune pathways. JF - Nat Genet Y1 - 2012 A1 - Stolk, Lisette A1 - Perry, John R B A1 - Chasman, Daniel I A1 - He, Chunyan A1 - Mangino, Massimo A1 - Sulem, Patrick A1 - Barbalic, Maja A1 - Broer, Linda A1 - Byrne, Enda M A1 - Ernst, Florian A1 - Esko, Tõnu A1 - Franceschini, Nora A1 - Gudbjartsson, Daniel F A1 - Hottenga, Jouke-Jan A1 - Kraft, Peter A1 - McArdle, Patrick F A1 - Porcu, Eleonora A1 - Shin, So-Youn A1 - Smith, Albert V A1 - van Wingerden, Sophie A1 - Zhai, Guangju A1 - Zhuang, Wei V A1 - Albrecht, Eva A1 - Alizadeh, Behrooz Z A1 - Aspelund, Thor A1 - Bandinelli, Stefania A1 - Lauc, Lovorka Barac A1 - Beckmann, Jacques S A1 - Boban, Mladen A1 - Boerwinkle, Eric A1 - Broekmans, Frank J A1 - Burri, Andrea A1 - Campbell, Harry A1 - Chanock, Stephen J A1 - Chen, Constance A1 - Cornelis, Marilyn C A1 - Corre, Tanguy A1 - Coviello, Andrea D A1 - d'Adamo, Pio A1 - Davies, Gail A1 - de Faire, Ulf A1 - de Geus, Eco J C A1 - Deary, Ian J A1 - Dedoussis, George V Z A1 - Deloukas, Panagiotis A1 - Ebrahim, Shah A1 - Eiriksdottir, Gudny A1 - Emilsson, Valur A1 - Eriksson, Johan G A1 - Fauser, Bart C J M A1 - Ferreli, Liana A1 - Ferrucci, Luigi A1 - Fischer, Krista A1 - Folsom, Aaron R A1 - Garcia, Melissa E A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Gieger, Christian A1 - Glazer, Nicole A1 - Grobbee, Diederick E A1 - Hall, Per A1 - Haller, Toomas A1 - Hankinson, Susan E A1 - Hass, Merli A1 - Hayward, Caroline A1 - Heath, Andrew C A1 - Hofman, Albert A1 - Ingelsson, Erik A1 - Janssens, A Cecile J W A1 - Johnson, Andrew D A1 - Karasik, David A1 - Kardia, Sharon L R A1 - Keyzer, Jules A1 - Kiel, Douglas P A1 - Kolcic, Ivana A1 - Kutalik, Zoltán A1 - Lahti, Jari A1 - Lai, Sandra A1 - Laisk, Triin A1 - Laven, Joop S E A1 - Lawlor, Debbie A A1 - Liu, Jianjun A1 - Lopez, Lorna M A1 - Louwers, Yvonne V A1 - Magnusson, Patrik K E A1 - Marongiu, Mara A1 - Martin, Nicholas G A1 - Klaric, Irena Martinovic A1 - Masciullo, Corrado A1 - McKnight, Barbara A1 - Medland, Sarah E A1 - Melzer, David A1 - Mooser, Vincent A1 - Navarro, Pau A1 - Newman, Anne B A1 - Nyholt, Dale R A1 - Onland-Moret, N Charlotte A1 - Palotie, Aarno A1 - Paré, Guillaume A1 - Parker, Alex N A1 - Pedersen, Nancy L A1 - Peeters, Petra H M A1 - Pistis, Giorgio A1 - Plump, Andrew S A1 - Polasek, Ozren A1 - Pop, Victor J M A1 - Psaty, Bruce M A1 - Räikkönen, Katri A1 - Rehnberg, Emil A1 - Rotter, Jerome I A1 - Rudan, Igor A1 - Sala, Cinzia A1 - Salumets, Andres A1 - Scuteri, Angelo A1 - Singleton, Andrew A1 - Smith, Jennifer A A1 - Snieder, Harold A1 - Soranzo, Nicole A1 - Stacey, Simon N A1 - Starr, John M A1 - Stathopoulou, Maria G A1 - Stirrups, Kathleen A1 - Stolk, Ronald P A1 - Styrkarsdottir, Unnur A1 - Sun, Yan V A1 - Tenesa, Albert A1 - Thorand, Barbara A1 - Toniolo, Daniela A1 - Tryggvadottir, Laufey A1 - Tsui, Kim A1 - Ulivi, Sheila A1 - van Dam, Rob M A1 - van der Schouw, Yvonne T A1 - van Gils, Carla H A1 - van Nierop, Peter A1 - Vink, Jacqueline M A1 - Visscher, Peter M A1 - Voorhuis, Marlies A1 - Waeber, Gerard A1 - Wallaschofski, Henri A1 - Wichmann, H Erich A1 - Widen, Elisabeth A1 - Wijnands-van Gent, Colette J M A1 - Willemsen, Gonneke A1 - Wilson, James F A1 - Wolffenbuttel, Bruce H R A1 - Wright, Alan F A1 - Yerges-Armstrong, Laura M A1 - Zemunik, Tatijana A1 - Zgaga, Lina A1 - Zillikens, M Carola A1 - Zygmunt, Marek A1 - Arnold, Alice M A1 - Boomsma, Dorret I A1 - Buring, Julie E A1 - Crisponi, Laura A1 - Demerath, Ellen W A1 - Gudnason, Vilmundur A1 - Harris, Tamara B A1 - Hu, Frank B A1 - Hunter, David J A1 - Launer, Lenore J A1 - Metspalu, Andres A1 - Montgomery, Grant W A1 - Oostra, Ben A A1 - Ridker, Paul M A1 - Sanna, Serena A1 - Schlessinger, David A1 - Spector, Tim D A1 - Stefansson, Kari A1 - Streeten, Elizabeth A A1 - Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur A1 - Uda, Manuela A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia M A1 - Völzke, Henry A1 - Murray, Anna A1 - Murabito, Joanne M A1 - Visser, Jenny A A1 - Lunetta, Kathryn L KW - Age Factors KW - DNA Helicases KW - DNA Primase KW - DNA Repair KW - DNA Repair Enzymes KW - DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase KW - European Continental Ancestry Group KW - Exodeoxyribonucleases KW - Female KW - Genetic Loci KW - Genome-Wide Association Study KW - Humans KW - Immunity KW - Menopause KW - Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide KW - Proteins AB -To newly identify loci for age at natural menopause, we carried out a meta-analysis of 22 genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in 38,968 women of European descent, with replication in up to 14,435 women. In addition to four known loci, we identified 13 loci newly associated with age at natural menopause (at P < 5 × 10(-8)). Candidate genes located at these newly associated loci include genes implicated in DNA repair (EXO1, HELQ, UIMC1, FAM175A, FANCI, TLK1, POLG and PRIM1) and immune function (IL11, NLRP11 and PRRC2A (also known as BAT2)). Gene-set enrichment pathway analyses using the full GWAS data set identified exoDNase, NF-κB signaling and mitochondrial dysfunction as biological processes related to timing of menopause.

VL - 44 IS - 3 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22267201?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Multiple loci are associated with white blood cell phenotypes. JF - PLoS Genet Y1 - 2011 A1 - Nalls, Michael A A1 - Couper, David J A1 - Tanaka, Toshiko A1 - van Rooij, Frank J A A1 - Chen, Ming-Huei A1 - Smith, Albert V A1 - Toniolo, Daniela A1 - Zakai, Neil A A1 - Yang, Qiong A1 - Greinacher, Andreas A1 - Wood, Andrew R A1 - Garcia, Melissa A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Liu, Yongmei A1 - Lumley, Thomas A1 - Folsom, Aaron R A1 - Reiner, Alex P A1 - Gieger, Christian A1 - Lagou, Vasiliki A1 - Felix, Janine F A1 - Völzke, Henry A1 - Gouskova, Natalia A A1 - Biffi, Alessandro A1 - Döring, Angela A1 - Völker, Uwe A1 - Chong, Sean A1 - Wiggins, Kerri L A1 - Rendon, Augusto A1 - Dehghan, Abbas A1 - Moore, Matt A1 - Taylor, Kent A1 - Wilson, James G A1 - Lettre, Guillaume A1 - Hofman, Albert A1 - Bis, Joshua C A1 - Pirastu, Nicola A1 - Fox, Caroline S A1 - Meisinger, Christa A1 - Sambrook, Jennifer A1 - Arepalli, Sampath A1 - Nauck, Matthias A1 - Prokisch, Holger A1 - Stephens, Jonathan A1 - Glazer, Nicole L A1 - Cupples, L Adrienne A1 - Okada, Yukinori A1 - Takahashi, Atsushi A1 - Kamatani, Yoichiro A1 - Matsuda, Koichi A1 - Tsunoda, Tatsuhiko A1 - Tanaka, Toshihiro A1 - Kubo, Michiaki A1 - Nakamura, Yusuke A1 - Yamamoto, Kazuhiko A1 - Kamatani, Naoyuki A1 - Stumvoll, Michael A1 - Tönjes, Anke A1 - Prokopenko, Inga A1 - Illig, Thomas A1 - Patel, Kushang V A1 - Garner, Stephen F A1 - Kuhnel, Brigitte A1 - Mangino, Massimo A1 - Oostra, Ben A A1 - Thein, Swee Lay A1 - Coresh, Josef A1 - Wichmann, H-Erich A1 - Menzel, Stephan A1 - Lin, JingPing A1 - Pistis, Giorgio A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - Spector, Tim D A1 - Teumer, Alexander A1 - Eiriksdottir, Gudny A1 - Gudnason, Vilmundur A1 - Bandinelli, Stefania A1 - Frayling, Timothy M A1 - Chakravarti, Aravinda A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia M A1 - Melzer, David A1 - Ouwehand, Willem H A1 - Levy, Daniel A1 - Boerwinkle, Eric A1 - Singleton, Andrew B A1 - Hernandez, Dena G A1 - Longo, Dan L A1 - Soranzo, Nicole A1 - Witteman, Jacqueline C M A1 - Psaty, Bruce M A1 - Ferrucci, Luigi A1 - Harris, Tamara B A1 - O'Donnell, Christopher J A1 - Ganesh, Santhi K KW - Genetic Loci KW - Genome-Wide Association Study KW - Humans KW - Leukocyte Count KW - Leukocytes KW - Molecular Epidemiology KW - Multigene Family KW - Phenotype KW - Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide KW - Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases AB -White blood cell (WBC) count is a common clinical measure from complete blood count assays, and it varies widely among healthy individuals. Total WBC count and its constituent subtypes have been shown to be moderately heritable, with the heritability estimates varying across cell types. We studied 19,509 subjects from seven cohorts in a discovery analysis, and 11,823 subjects from ten cohorts for replication analyses, to determine genetic factors influencing variability within the normal hematological range for total WBC count and five WBC subtype measures. Cohort specific data was supplied by the CHARGE, HeamGen, and INGI consortia, as well as independent collaborative studies. We identified and replicated ten associations with total WBC count and five WBC subtypes at seven different genomic loci (total WBC count-6p21 in the HLA region, 17q21 near ORMDL3, and CSF3; neutrophil count-17q21; basophil count- 3p21 near RPN1 and C3orf27; lymphocyte count-6p21, 19p13 at EPS15L1; monocyte count-2q31 at ITGA4, 3q21, 8q24 an intergenic region, 9q31 near EDG2), including three previously reported associations and seven novel associations. To investigate functional relationships among variants contributing to variability in the six WBC traits, we utilized gene expression- and pathways-based analyses. We implemented gene-clustering algorithms to evaluate functional connectivity among implicated loci and showed functional relationships across cell types. Gene expression data from whole blood was utilized to show that significant biological consequences can be extracted from our genome-wide analyses, with effect estimates for significant loci from the meta-analyses being highly corellated with the proximal gene expression. In addition, collaborative efforts between the groups contributing to this study and related studies conducted by the COGENT and RIKEN groups allowed for the examination of effect homogeneity for genome-wide significant associations across populations of diverse ancestral backgrounds.

VL - 7 IS - 6 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21738480?dopt=Abstract ER -